Horticultural Studies (HortiS) 2022, Vol 39, Num, 2     (Pages: 041-047)

Genotype Effect as one of the Affecting Factors on the Success of Anther Culture in Eggplant (Solanum melongena L.)

Hayati BAT 1 ,Fatma Nur ALTINDAĞ 1 ,Merve Arefe YİĞİT 1 ,Şeküre Şebnem ELLİALTIOĞLU 2 ,Nuray ÇÖMLEKÇİOĞLU 3

1 United Genetics Vegetable Seeds Company, 34788, İstanbul, Türkiye
2 Ankara University Technopolis, Doqutech Academy Ltd. Com., 06830, Ankara, Türkiye
3 Eskişehir Osmangazi University, Faculty of Agriculture, Deparment of Horticulture, 26160, Eskişehir, Türkiye
DOI : 10.16882/HortiS.1119745 Viewed : 250 - Downloaded : 139 Anther culture technique is one of the commonly used method in order to obtain haploid plants in eggplant. It is known that androgenic response in eggplant is variable and one of the most important factors determining success is the genotype effect. Low or insufficient embryogenic response limits the use of doubled haploid technology in breeding programs. Therefore, determining the embryogenic responses of genotypes is a step for the use of this technology in breeding studies. In this study, 61 eggplant genotypes at various breeding stages (F1, F2, and F3) in the gene pool of United Genetics Vegetable Seeds Company (Mustafakemalpaşa, Bursa, Turkey) were evaluated in terms of androgenic responses. Significant differences were determined among eggplant genotypes in terms about embryo induction and conversion rates of embryos to full plantlets. In the study, responsiveness to anther culture based on genotype ranged from 0.0%-21.58%. The conversion rate of induced embryos to plants varied between 0.0% and 100%. Keywords : Androgenesis Double haploid Embryo Genotype