Horticultural Studies (HortiS) 2020, Vol 37, Num, 1     (Pages: 64-75)

Studies on some bio-ecological parameters and damage status of Mediterranean fruit fly in Elazığ and Malatya province

Mehmet BUĞDAY 1 ,Mehmet KEÇECİ 2

1 Baskil İlçe Tarım ve Orman Müdürlüğü, Elazığ
2 Malatya Turgut Özal Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Bitki Koruma Bölümü, Malatya
DOI : 10.16882/derim.2020.692963 Viewed : 1179 - Downloaded : 586 Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) (Diptera:Tephritidae) is a crucial pest of fruit crops. The aim of the study is to determine the adult population changes, damage status and its overwintering ability of Mediterranean fruit fly in Elazığ and Malatya between 2017 and 2018. The first adult was captured in traps at the end of August 2017 in Battalgazi, Malatya while it is found at the end of June in 2018. The highest number of adults was captured on November 17 (365 adults trap-1) in 2017 and August 31 (804 adults trap-1) in 2018. Mediterranean fruit fly was seen first time on June 28 and reached the highest number 250 adults trap-1 on August 2, in the center of Elazığ province in 2018. In Baskil district, it was seen the first time on July 5, and the highest number of flies was 486 adult trap-1 (September 13). While the Mediterranean fruit fly was found in the pear and peach fruits in 2017, it was found in pear, apple, quince pomegranate, peach, jujube, persimmon fruits in 2018. The Mediterranean fruit fly caused 0.0%-53.3% damage in the sampled fruit species. Additionally, it was determined that the Mediterranean fruit fly is unable to overwinter in field conditions of Malatya and Elazığ provinces. Keywords : Ceratitis capitate; Tephritidae; Apple; Pear; Overwintering; Damage